This article in the focuses on G minor chords as well as on chords in the G minor key.

If you are only interested to learn how to play a G minor (Sol minor) chord on a guitar or mandolin, take a look at the slideshow at the top of this article. You will find there common variants presented in a photo realistic fret boards.

If you want to understand and learn more about the G minor chords, I suggest you continue reading. The sections below include:

  • The construction of G minor chord i.e. a little bit of music theory,
  • G minor chords cheatsheet for guitar and mandolin that you can print,
  • Diatonic chords used when playing songs on the key of G minor
  • The most common G minor chords progressions.

Enjoy!

 

G minor chords construction – Music Theory

The G minor (Sol minor)consists of:

  • The root, which for Gm is G (Sol)
  • The third, which for Gm is Bb (Sib)
  • The fifth, which for Gm is D (Re)

To play a G minor (Sol minor) chord you need to include these three notes or at minimum the root and the third. This is valid whatever instrument you are playing, be it mandolin, guitar or ukulele.

G minor chords – Mandolin Cheatsheet

As with all chords, there are many variants of the G minor chord for the mandolin. Here is a cheatsheet  that presents eleven variants for you to practice.

 

G minor chords diagram

G minor chords – Learn these by heart

Although you can practice all chords in the cheatsheet playing them one by one till you feel comfortable with all positions, do you actually need to know all variants presented here? Not really, but as music is really a language, the more variants you know the easier it will be for you to play and express yourself.

The three diagrams in this section are the three most common variants of the G minor chords on the mandolin you should learn to play by heart.

G minor on the mandolin

fretboard
option strings=4
option width=335
option frets=9
show frets=1 string=2 text=1
show frets=3 string=1 text=3

fretboard
option strings=4
option width=335
option frets=9
show frets=3 string=4 text=3
show frets=1 string=2 text=1
show frets=3 string=1 text=4

fretboard
option strings=4
option width=335
option frets=9
show frets=3 string=4 text=1
show frets=3 string=3 text=1
show frets=5 string=3 text=3
show frets=3 string=2 text=1
show frets=5 string=2 text=4
show frets=3 string=1 text=1

G minor on the guitar

fretboard
option strings=6
option width=335
option frets=9
show frets=3 string=6 text=2
show frets=1 string=5 text=1
show frets=3 string=2 text=3
show frets=3 string=1 text=3

fretboard
option strings=6
option width=335
option frets=9
show frets=3 string=6 text=1
show frets=5 string=5 text=3
show frets=3 string=5 text=1
show frets=5 string=4 text=4
show frets=3 string=4 text=1
show frets=3 string=3 text=1
show frets=3 string=2 text=1
show frets=3 string=1 text=1

fretboard
option strings=6
option width=335
option frets=9
show frets=0 string=6 text=x
show frets=0 string=5 text=x
show frets=5 string=4 text=3
show frets=3 string=3 text=1
show frets=3 string=2 text=1
show frets=3 string=1 text=1

Chords of the G minor key

So, what happens when a song is written on the G minor (Sol minor) key?

[You can identify that a song is written on the key of G minor when it starts and ends on a G minor, and also when it uses it frequently throughout the song.]

In this case, you need to understand what other chords can be used. Remember that the G minor key has two flats, a B flat and an E flat, meaning that the notes (and respective chords) in G minor key are:

G, A, Bb, C, D, Eb, F.

As this is a minor key, the chord type for each position (from first to seventh) is

minor, diminished, major, minor, minor, major, major

Combining the two above we find that the G minor key we can use are:

(Please note that roman numerals indicate each chord’s position relative to the scale)

Position Chord
i Gm
ii0 Adim
III Bb
iv Cm
v Dm
VI Eb
VII F

Gm chords progressions on mandolin

fretboard
option strings=4
option width=335
option frets=9
show frets=1 string=2 text=1
show frets=3 string=1 text=3

I – G minor

fretboard
option strings=4
option width=335
option frets=9
show frets=2 string=4 text=2
show frets=1 string=3 text=1
show frets=3 string=2 text=3
show frets=5 string=1 text=4

II – A diminished

fretboard
option strings=4
option width=335
option frets=9
show frets=3 string=4 text=3
show frets=1 string=2 text=1
show frets=1 string=1 text=1

III – Bb major

fretboard
option strings=4
option width=335
option frets=9
show frets=1 string=3 text=1
show frets=3 string=2 text=3
show frets=3 string=1 text=3

IV – C minor

fretboard
option strings=4
option width=335
option frets=9
show frets=2 string=4 text=2
show frets=1 string=1 text=1

V – D minor

fretboard
option strings=4
option width=335
option frets=9
show frets=1 string=3 text=1
show frets=1 string=2 text=1
show frets=3 string=1 text=3

VI – Eb major

fretboard
option strings=4
option width=335
option frets=9
show frets=2 string=4 text=2
show frets=3 string=3 text=3
show frets=3 string=2 text=4
show frets=1 string=1 text=1

Gm chords progressions on guitar

fretboard
option strings=6
option width=335
option frets=9
show frets=3 string=6 text=2
show frets=1 string=5 text=1
show frets=3 string=2 text=3
show frets=3 string=1 text=3

I – G minor

fretboard
option strings=6
option width=335
option frets=9
show frets=0 string=6 text=x
show frets=1 string=4 text=1
show frets=1 string=3 text=1
show frets=2 string=3 text=2
show frets=1 string=2 text=1
show frets=0 string=1 text=x

II – A diminished

fretboard
option strings=6
option width=335
option frets=9
show frets=0 string=6 text=x
show frets=1 string=5 text=1
show frets=1 string=4 text=1
show frets=1 string=3 text=1
show frets=1 string=2 text=1
show frets=1 string=1 text=1
show frets=3 string=4 text=2
show frets=3 string=3 text=3
show frets=3 string=2 text=4

III – Bb major

fretboard
option strings=6
option width=335
option frets=9
show frets=0 string=6 text=x
show frets=3 string=5 text=3
show frets=1 string=4 text=1
show frets=1 string=2 text=2
show frets=3 string=1 text=4

IV – C minor

fretboard
option strings=6
option width=335
option frets=9
show frets=0 string=6 text=x
show frets=0 string=5 text=x
show frets=2 string=3 text=2
show frets=3 string=2 text=3
show frets=1 string=1 text=1

V – D minor

fretboard
option strings=6
option width=335
option frets=9
show frets=0 string=6 text=x
show frets=0 string=5 text=x
show frets=1 string=4 text=1
show frets=3 string=3 text=2
show frets=4 string=2 text=4
show frets=3 string=1 text=3

VI – Eb major

fretboard
option strings=6
option width=335
option frets=9
show frets=0 string=6 text=x
show frets=0 string=5 text=x
show frets=3 string=4 text=3
show frets=2 string=3 text=2
show frets=1 string=2 text=1
show frets=1 string=1 text=1

Common progressions in G (natural) minor

The most common progressions in G natural minor are:

  • i – VI – VII  (Gm – Eb – F)
  • i – iv – VII (Gm – Cm – F)
  • i – iv – v (Gm – Cm – Dm)
  • i – VI – III – VII (Gm – Eb – Bb – F)